The fabric industry is a very large and important part of the clothing industry. The production of fabric starts with the manufacturing of yarns. There are many different types of fabrics, but they all have one thing in common: they are woven from yarns. Fabrics can be made from natural or synthetic fibers, or a combination of both. They can also be woven or knitted. The type determines the type of fabric and quality of fiber used to make it and the weave it is made in. Fabrics can be used for many purposes, such as clothing, upholstery, drapery, bedding and other household items such as curtains and tablecloths.
Grey fabric is a type of fabric that is not dyed. This means that the natural white color is preserved in the fabric and it will have no color variation. The main difference between white and grey fabrics is that grey fabrics can be used for multiple purposes such as making clothes, curtains, and bed sheets. Fabric faults are the most common problem that a fabric can have. Fabric faults can occur as a result of many factors. Some of these factors include the quality of the fabric, how it was handled, and how it was dyed. Fabric faults are a major concern for any fashion designer. The fabric may not be perfect, but these faults can make the garment look shabby and cheap.
The main types of fabric faults are:
What is Miss Pick in Fabric?
Miss pick: Miss pick refers to a defect in which one or more weft yarns were missed during weaving process. Selvedge defect: This defect occurs when there are missing weft yarns at one or both edge of cloth due to warp thread. or Miss picks happen when the yarn is not properly picked up by the loom and is then woven into the fabric in a way that leaves an open space in between two rows of weft yarns.
What is a Starting Mark in Fabric
A starting mark is when a weft thread starts from an incorrect position on the warp beam. or
Starting marks are when there is an indentation on one side of the fabric caused by a starting shuttle being used to start weaving at one end instead of both ends.
What are floats in Fabric?
Floats are sections of yarn that hang off the selvedge of a fabric, which are created when there’s not enough space on either side of the fabric to keep them in place during weaving.
What are Cracks in Fabric
Cracks are caused by a variety of issues, including too much tension during weaving or improper drying after being washed.
What is Coarse Pick in Fabric
coarse pick is a result of the machine that was used to weave or knit the fabric. It can cause threads to be picked up from other parts of the fabric and woven into it.
What is Coarse End in Fabric
A coarse end occurs when the yarn, which was woven into the fabric, has not been properly cut off from the loom. This can cause problems such as fraying or unraveling of threads on the edge of cloth.
What is Selvedge Defect in Fabric?
Selvedge defect is a result of poor-quality control during weaving or knitting process. It occurs when one side of a fabric is not trimmed properly and threads are left on one side.
What is Lose End in Fabric
Lose end is caused by machine malfunctioning during weaving or knitting process, which leaves some threads loose on one side of a cut piece.
What is sizing Stain in Fabric
A sizing stain is a type of fabric fault where the fabric is treated with a sizing agent before weaving. Either too much or too little sizing agent can cause it. The most common way to identify a sizing stain is by looking at the back of the fabric. If there are small, white spots on the back, then it is likely that there was too much sizing agent applied to the fabric and it will shrink more than other fabrics in the wash. If there are large, white spots on the back, then it is likely that there was not enough sizing agent applied to the fabric and it will not shrink as much as other fabrics in a washing machine.
What is Increase Density in Fabric
Increase Density. This problem indicates that fabric has more picks or ends at some certain piece of fabric than the required standards.