What is Enzyme process of fabric in textile

Fabric enzyming, also known as bio-polishing, is a process of using enzymes to improve the appearance and texture of fabric. The process involves the following steps: 

  1. Preparation of fabric: The fabric to be treated is first prepared by washing it to remove any dirt, oil, or sizing that may be present. The fabric is then dried and ready for treatment. 
  1. Enzyme application: Enzymes are then applied to the fabric using a padding or spraying method. The choice of enzyme depends on the fabric type and the desired effect. Common enzymes used in fabric enzyming include cellulases, pectinases, and proteases. 
  1. Incubation: The treated fabric is then incubated at a specific temperature and pH for a certain period of time. This allows the enzymes to break down the fibers in the fabric, resulting in a smoother and softer texture. 
  1. Neutralization: After the incubation period, the fabric is washed to remove any excess enzymes and neutralize the pH. This is done to prevent any further enzymatic activity on the fabric. 
  1. Finishing: The treated fabric may undergo additional finishing processes such as dyeing, printing, or mechanical treatment to achieve the desired appearance and texture. 
  1. Drying: Finally, the fabric is dried and inspected for quality control. 

Overall, fabric enzyming is a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to traditional fabric treatments that use harsh chemicals. It is widely used in the textile industry to produce high-quality fabrics that are soft, smooth, and durable. 

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