To analyze the changes in cotton production estimates according to the USDA WASDE (World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates) report from January to February, let’s break down the differences for each region:

  1. World: The overall cotton production estimate decreased slightly by 0.36 million metric tons from January to February.
  2. U.S.A: The production estimate remained unchanged at 12.43 million metric tons between January and February.
  3. Central Asia: No change in the production estimate, remaining at 5.18 million metric tons.
  4. Afr. Fr. one: There’s a minor increase of 0.01 million metric tons in the production estimate, from 4.92 to 4.93 million metric tons.
  5. Australia: The production estimate decreased by 0.3 million metric tons, from 5.1 to 4.8 million metric tons.
  6. Brazil: The production estimate remained stable at 14.56 million metric tons.
  7. India: No change in the production estimate, staying at 25 million metric tons.
  8. Mexico: The production estimate remained steady at 0.93 million metric tons.
  9. China: No change in the production estimate, remaining at 27.5 million metric tons.
  10. European Union: The production estimate stayed constant at 1.05 million metric tons.
  11. Turkey: The production estimate didn’t change, staying at 3.2 million metric tons.
  12. Pakistan: No change in the production estimate, remaining at 6.7 million metric tons.
  13. Bangladesh: The production estimate remained the same at 0.16 million metric tons.

Overall, the changes are relatively minor, with only a few regions experiencing slight fluctuations in their production estimates. The most notable change is the decrease in Australia’s production estimate by 0.3 million metric tons.

  1. World Cotton Overview:
  • Total global supply is 113.18 bales.
  • Total global demand is 112.43 bales.
  • The overall difference between supply and demand is a surplus of 0.75 bales.
  1. Regional Analysis:
  • U.S.A:
    • Supply: 12.43 bales
    • Demand: 1.9 bales
    • Surplus: 10.53 bales
  • Central Asia:
    • Supply: 5.18 bales
    • Demand: 3.99 bales
    • Surplus: 1.19 bales
  • African French Zone:
    • Supply: 4.92 bales
    • Demand: 0.1 bales
    • Surplus: 4.82 bales
  • Australia:
    • Supply: 5.1 bales
    • Demand: 0.01 bales
    • Surplus: 5.09 bales
  • Brazil:
    • Supply: 14.56 bales
    • Demand: 3.3 bales
    • Surplus: 11.26 bales
  • India:
    • Supply: 25 bales
    • Demand: 23.7 bales
    • Surplus: 1.3 bales
  • Mexico:
    • Supply: 0.93 bales
    • Demand: 1.55 bales
    • Deficit: -0.62 bales (Note: This region has a demand exceeding its supply)
  • China:
    • Supply: 27.5 bales
    • Demand: 36.5 bales
    • Deficit: -9 bales (Note: This region has a supply shortfall compared to demand)
  • European Union:
    • Supply: 1.05 bales
    • Demand: 0.6 bales
    • Surplus: 0.45 bales
  • Turkey:
    • Supply: 3.2 bales
    • Demand: 7.4 bales
    • Deficit: -4.2 bales
  • Pakistan:
    • Supply: 6.7 bales
    • Demand: 9.8 bales
    • Deficit: -3.1 bales
  • Indonesia:
    • Supply: 0 bales
    • Demand: 1.9 bales
    • Deficit: -1.9 bales
  • Thailand:
    • Supply: 0 bales
    • Demand: 0.63 bales
    • Deficit: -0.63 bales
  • Bangladesh:
    • Supply: 0.16 bales
    • Demand: 7.8 bales
    • Deficit: -7.64 bales
  • Vietnam:
    • Supply: 0 bales
    • Demand: 6.7 bales
    • Deficit: -6.7 bales
  1. Observations:
  • The U.S.A, Australia, and Brazil are the major contributors to the global surplus.
  • China, Turkey, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Vietnam are facing deficits, indicating higher demand than supply.
  • African French Zone has a significant surplus despite low demand.
  • Mexico has a deficit, indicating higher demand than supply.
  1. Implications:
  • This analysis suggests potential trade opportunities, with surplus regions exporting to deficit regions.
  • Regions with deficits may need to explore strategies to meet their demand, such as increasing production or importing from surplus regions.

World Cotton Demand and Supply Estimates Dec-23

The table provides estimates of world cotton supply and demand issued by USDA WASDE, presenting figures for various regions and countries. Here’s an analysis of the supply and demand estimates:

Global Cotton

  • Supply: 112.92 million units
  • Demand: 113.73 million units
  • Difference: -0.81 million units (Demand exceeds Supply slightly)

Key Regional and Country Analysis

  • U.S.A: Surplus supply of 10.88 million units (higher supply than demand).
  • Central Asia: A surplus of 1.00 million units.
  • Africa: Francophone: Surplus of 4.82 million units.
  • Australia: Substantial supply surplus of 5.09 million units.
  • Brazil: Excess supply of 11.26 million units.
  • India: Slight surplus supply of 1.00 million units.
  • China: High demand surpassing supply by 9.50 million units.
  • European Union: A small supply surplus of 0.44 million units.
  • Turkey: Experiencing demand exceeding supply by 4.30 million units.
  • Pakistan: Demand surpasses supply by 3.30 million units.
  • Indonesia: Significant demand deficit of 2.20 million units.
  • Thailand: Demand surpasses supply by 0.65 million units.
  • Bangladesh: High demand deficit of 7.64 million units.
  • Vietnam: Demand exceeds supply by 6.70 million units.


These estimates reflect the delicate balance between global cotton supply and demand, showcasing the varying dynamics across regions and emphasizing the potential influence on trade, prices, and market strategies within the cotton industry.

World Cotton Demand and Supply Estimates - Nov-2023

This data table provides insights into the supply, demand, and the difference between the two for cotton across various regions. Here are some observations:
World Cotton Demand and Supply Estimates as per USDA WASDE Report.

  1. World: Overall, the global supply of cotton slightly falls short of global demand, with a difference of -1.84.
  2. U.S.A: The United States has a substantial surplus in cotton supply compared to demand, with a significant difference of 10.95. This surplus might indicate their strong production capabilities or lower domestic demand.
  3. Central Asia: This region has a surplus of 1.00 in supply over demand.
  4. Afr. Fr. one, Australia, Brazil, and India: These countries also have a surplus in supply compared to demand. Brazil, in particular, has a significant surplus of 11.26, which could be due to high production capabilities.
  5. Mexico, China, Turkey, Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Vietnam: These regions have a deficit in supply compared to demand. China stands out with a considerable deficit of -10.50, indicating a substantial demand for cotton within its borders. Bangladesh also shows a significant deficit of -7.54, likely due to higher demand for its textile industry.
  6. European Union: It has a slight surplus of 0.44 in supply over demand.

This data suggests that while some regions have surplus cotton supply, others face a shortage concerning their demand. Factors like production capacity, domestic consumption, and trade patterns significantly influence these supply-demand dynamics in each region.






Other Crops

Absolutely! Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the USDA WASDE (World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates) report and world cotton demand and supply estimates:


What is the USDA WASDE report?

The USDA WASDE report is a monthly publication by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) that provides comprehensive analysis and forecasts for global supply and demand of agricultural commodities, including cotton.

What information does the USDA WASDE report include?

The report covers various aspects:

  • Crop Production: Estimates of planting, harvesting, and yield projections.
  • Supply and Demand: Forecasts on global and domestic consumption, exports, imports, and ending stocks.
  • Price Forecasts: Projections and analysis of price trends and factors affecting market prices.

Why is the USDA WASDE report important for the cotton market?

The report is a critical tool for cotton traders, producers, policymakers, and investors. It offers valuable insights into market conditions, production estimates, consumption trends, and price forecasts, aiding in decision-making and risk management.

How does the USDA gather data for the WASDE report?

The USDA collects data from various sources, including field surveys, satellite imagery, agricultural reports, market intelligence, trade data, and inputs from experts and agencies worldwide to compile comprehensive estimates.

World Cotton Demand and Supply Estimates:

What factors influence global cotton demand and supply?

  • Economic Conditions: Economic growth affects consumer demand for textiles and apparel.
  • Weather and Climate: Weather patterns impact crop yields and global cotton production.
  • Trade Policies: Import/export regulations and trade agreements influence global cotton trade.
  • Technological Advancements: Innovations in farming techniques affect productivity.

How does the USDA estimate world cotton demand and supply?

The USDA utilizes data on planting intentions, weather conditions, crop progress reports, global consumption patterns, trade statistics, and other relevant information to project global cotton supply and demand balances.

How accurate are the USDA’s estimates for world cotton demand and supply?

The USDA employs rigorous methodologies and continually updates its estimates based on new data. While no forecast is perfect, the USDA’s assessments are highly regarded within the agricultural industry for their reliability and accuracy.

How do global cotton demand and supply estimates impact the cotton market?

Estimates influence market sentiment and pricing. If estimates suggest a shortfall in supply or higher demand, prices may rise, and vice versa. Traders and stakeholders often use these estimates to make trading and investment decisions.

Can fluctuations in global cotton demand and supply estimates impact other industries?

Yes, changes in cotton supply and demand can affect various industries like textile manufacturing, apparel, agriculture, and retail, influencing prices, production decisions, and global trade patterns.

These FAQs provide an overview of the USDA WASDE report, its importance, methodologies, and the significance of global cotton demand and supply estimates in shaping market dynamics and decision-making processes.

Click Here to find USDA WASDE (World Agro Supply and Demand Estimates)

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