spinning

Indian Yarn Prices Update 14-November-2022

Below given Indian yarn prices are based on CIF leading Asian Ports with L/C at Sight.

100% Cotton Carded Knitting
Ne 20/1@USD3.20/kg
Ne 30/1@USD3.30/kg
Ne 32/1@USD3.45/kg
Ne 40/1@USD3.70/kg

100% Cotton Combed Knitting
Ne 20/1@USD3.35/kg
Ne 24/1@USD3.42/kg
Ne 26/1@USD3.45/kg
Ne 30/1@USD3.50/kg
Ne 32/1@USD3.55/kg
Ne 34/1@USD3.66/kg
Ne 40/1@USD3.85/kg

100% Cotton Combed Compact Knitting
Ne 20/1@USD3.38/kg
Ne 24/1@USD3.45/kg
Ne 26/1@USD3.48/kg
Ne 30/1@USD3.53/kg
Ne 32/1@USD3.58/kg
Ne 34/1@USD3.70/kg
Ne 40/1@USD3.90/kg

100% Cotton yarn Knitting TFO
Ne 20/2@USD3.37/kg
Ne 32/2@USD3.70/kg

Commodities Index Closing 10-November-2022

ICE COTTON 2 CLOSING
Dec 86.38- 0.12
Mar 84.56- 0.17
May 83.97 +0.18
Jul 83.34 +0.39
Oct 78.33 +0.14
Dec 78.40 +0.25
VOL=43418

SOYA OILCLOSED
Dec 76.09+ 0.55
Jan 73.63+ 0.45
Mar 71.36+ 0.15

SOYASEED CLOSED
Jan 1423-00 -29.00
Mar 1428-00 -31.00

SOYA-MEAL CLOSED
Dec 404.10 -13.50
Jan 400.40 -11.90

CLOSED-CANOLA
Jan 883.20 -8.30
Mar 878.00 -10.50

CRUDE OIL
Dec 86.62 + 0.79

CRUDE OIL BRENT
Jan 93.76 + 1.11

GOLD
Dec 1754.50 + 40.80

SILVER
Dec 21.725 + 0.398

PLATINUM
Jan 1056.60 + 59.30

Dollar INDEX
Dec 108.255 -2.205

Pakistan Local Yarn Price Update

Plz note yarn rates….
13 Oct, 2022

ECRU 100% COTTON YARN
10s carded @ 3000/3050+gst
12s carded @ 3100/3120+gst
16s carded @ 3180/3200+gst
20s carded @ 3300/3350+gst
20s combed at 3700/3750+gst
24s carded @ 3400/3450+gst
24s combed @ 3800/3850+gst
26s combed @ 3900/4000+gst
30s carded @ 3575/3650+gst
30s combed @ 4050/4100+gst
36s combed @ 4250/4275+gst
40s combed @ 4300/4320+gst.

100% Imported cotton CF (Contamination Free) Yarn
20s cf carded @ 3500+gst
30s cf carded @ 3700+gst

πŸ‘‰ New Addition for towel use
100% cotton double ply yarn.
16/2 cotton carded soft at 3200/3250+gst
20/2 cotton soft at 3350/3400+gst
20/2 cotton hard at 3400/3450+gst

10s o.e cotton at 2300/2350+gst
12s o.e cotton at 2350/2400+gst
16s o.e cotton at 2500/2550+gst.

πŸ‘‰ 100% Organic Cotton could be offered on demand

Ecru PC/CVC ring spun yarns
20s pc CMB 65/35 at 2550/2580+gst
26s pc CMB 65/35 at 2710/2750+gst
30s pc CMB 65/35 at 2840/2900+gst

10s PC 52/48.
Carded at 2400/2450+gst
Combed at 2480/2550+gst

12s PC 52/48.
Carded at 2450/2500+gst
Combed at 2550/2600+gst

16s PC 52/48.
Carded at 2520/2550+gst
Combed at 2610/2650+gst

20s PC 52/48.
Carded at 2600/2650+gst
With CF cotton at 2650/2700+gst
Pak Combed at 2710/2750+gst.

24s PC 52/48.
Carded at 2680/2750+gst
With CF cotton at 2800/2850+gst
Pak Combed at 2880/2930+gst.

30s PC 52/48.
Carded at 2780/2820+gst
With CF cotton at 3050/3100+gst
Pak Combed at 3050/3100+gst

36s PC 52/48
Carded at 3200/3250+gst
With CF cotton at 3300/3350+gst
Pak Combed at 3305/3310+gst.

40s PC 52/48
Carded at 3300/3350
With CF cotton at 3400/3450+gst
Pak Combed at 3360/3400+gst.

10s CVC 75/25 @ 2650/2700+gst
12s CVC 75/25 @ 2700/2750+gst
16s CVC 75/25 @ 2770/2800+gst
20s CVC 75/25 @ 2900/3000+gst
30s CVC 75/25 @ 3200/3390+gst

10s pc 52/48 GRS polyester at 2600/2650+gst.
12s pc 52/48 GRS polyester at 2700/2750+gst
16s pc 52/48 GRS polyester at 2800/2850+gst
20s pc 52/48 GRS polyester at 2900/2950+gst
24s pc 52/48 GRS polyester at 3050/3100+gst
30s pc 52/48 GRS polyester at 3050/3100+gst.

20s cvc 60/ 40
carded at 2750/2800+gst
Combed at 2900/2950+gst.

24s cvc 60/40
Carded at 2850/2900+gst
Combed at 2980/3050+gst.

30s cvc 60/ 40 carded pak at 3100/3150+gst.
With CF cotton at 3150+3200+gst.
Combed at 3250/3300+gst.

40s cvc 60/ 40
Combed at 360/3650+gst.

πŸ‘‰ WITH GRS CERTIFICATE
20s cvc 60/ 40 with “Recycled Polyester”
Carded at 2900/2950+gst.
Combed at 3200/3250+gst.
24s cvc 60/ 40 with “Recycled Polyester”
Carded at 3100/3150+gst
Combed at 3450/3500+gst

30s cvc 60/ 40 with “Recycled Polyester”
Carded at 3250/3300+gst
Combed at 3600/3650+gst.
40s cvc 60/ 40 with “Recycled Polyester” at 3950/4050+gst

O.E/Auto Coro yarns
10s pc 52/48 O.E at 1?1900/1950+gst
10s cvc 60/40 O.E at 2100/2150+gst
10s pc 52/48 O.E GRS at 2000/2050+gst
10s cvc 60/40 O.E GRS at 2200/2250+gst

12s pc 52/48 O.E at 1?2000/2050+gst
12s cvc 60/40 O.E at 2100/2150+gst
12s pc 52/48 O.E GRS at 2100/2150+gst
12s cvc 60/40 O.E GRS at 2200/2250+gst

Grey Htr Melange Ring Spun Yarns
20s H12
CVC 90/10 at 350+gst
CVC 60/40 at 3050+gst

30s H12
CVC 90/10 at 3950+gst
CVC 60/40 at 3200+gst

20s H0 Oatmeal Htr.
CVC 90/10 at 3550+gst.
CVC 60/40 at 3050+gst.

30s H0 Oatmeal Htr.
CVC 90/10 at 3950+gst
CVC 60/40 at 3200+gst

πŸ‘‰ New Addition:-. Ecru Chain/Siro/Marled PC 50:50 Ring Spun yarn
20s pc cdd 50:50 at 3350+gst
20s pc cmb 50:50 at 3850+gst

24s pc cdd 50:50 at 3450+gst
24s pc cmb 50:50 at 4000+gst

30s pc cdd 50:50 at 3550+gst
30s pc cmb 50:50 at 4200+gst

Polyester /Viscose Blend yarns
Ecru PV 80/20 yarn
20s PV at 2020/2050+gst
24s PV at 2100/2120+gst
30s PV at 2250/2280+gst
36s PV at 2430/2450+gst

Ecru PV 65/35 yarn
20s PV at 2150+gst
24s PV at 2250+gst
30s PV at 2400+gst
36s PV at 2500+gst
40s PV at 2600+gst

100% Viscose Yarn
20s viscose for knitting at 2750+gst
24s viscose for knitting at 2850+gst
30s viscose for knitting at 2950+gst
36s viscose for knitting at 3150+gst
40s viscose for knitting at 3250+gst.

(Tri-Blend and 100% Bamboo yarns).
16s Tri-blend (50 poly:25ctn:25viscose) at 3550+gst

/20s Tri-blend (50:25:25) at 3850+gst

30s Tri-blend (50:25:25) at 4100+gst

16s 100% Bamboo at 3300+gst
20s 100% Bamboo at 3400+gst
30s 100% Bamboo at 3550+gst

20s Cotton/Modal 50:50 at 4300+gst

30s Cotton/Modal 50:50 at 4700+gst

Regards
Saif Ullah
AEROTEX
What’s app:- +92 300 8878802

Cotton future forecast for the rest of the season.

The cotton market has become so volatile during the past couple of years that it is hardly possible for anyone to project the future. To reach some conclusion we are going to submit some facts which can help you to at least have a general view of the cotton future market for the running crop year.

  1. This is clear that on a call-based basis points are not going to decrease for the rest of the season. Last years’ experience also shows that after September basis points moved higher and did not decrease at any stage.

2. Shipment positions for October’22 to February’23 are very tight if you want to go for a fresh booking.

3. It is expected that next WASDE report will now include decrease of production mainly in Pakistan as some major portion of crop wiped out by flood and possibly some corrections in China and Brazil too. So, this factor may push the prices higher.

4. Although some people hopeful for good crop in India but 1st of all its prices already at very high level and will follow the bullish sentiments prevailing around the globe.

5. The USA, being the largest exporter of cotton and always dictating market sentiments, has already shown a significant decrease in their production in WASDE report August. USA cotton early shipments almost sold out and we hardly have some options left before March’23 except for a few Recaps.

Recommendations for Buyers

Increase in raw material prices and hike in electricity prices have put the producers in great trouble and it has become difficult for them to manage or handle the current situation. We suggest that cotton buyers should go for unfix buying immediately and then keep watching the price movements and continue partial fixing according to their convenience. Risk taking strategy may cause big trouble whether it is by buying big quantities of fixed prices or by delaying the bookings and future can’t be trusted.

Sellers having physical possession of cotton also need to be very careful. They need to keep eying the growing carrying charges along with future projections.

To find the day by day price history of cotton kindly visite our website https://textilesbar.com/

Written By
Afzaal Khadim Khan
Textiles Bar

How a Spinning Mill Works (Complete spinning mill process)

This is a process of converting raw cotton into a more usable form.

In the first stage, raw cotton is mixed with water in order to remove dirt and impurities. The mixture is then sent through a series of machines called ‘blow room’ and ‘carding’. In the blow room, air is blown to make the cotton fluffy. This process makes it easier for the carding machine to separate out fibers of different lengths. The carded fiber is then compressed into slivers which are spun together to form yarns.
Spinning is a process that converts raw materials, such as cotton, wool, or flax, into a continuous strand of yarn. The process is carried out in four steps: carding, drawing out, spinning and twisting.

Below are the details of some major sections or departments used in a spinning mill to convert the fiber into yarn.

CARDING
In the carding process the raw material is first broken down into small pieces and then it is cleaned from the impurities like trash, dead fiber, dust and dirt. After this cleaning process the cleaned cotton is converted into sliver form. This sliver is stored and carried forward to the next section in canes.

DRAWING
The carding machines separate the raw material into a web of long fibers called sliver. The process starts by drawing slivers from the carding machine. The slivers are then taken to the drawing machines where this sliver is reprocessed to make it softer, straight and variation is decreased by using several canes of sliver into one row.

COMBERS
It is a process in which the fibers are passed through a series of rotating brushes. The brushes pull out the shorter fibers and leave behind the longer ones, which are then wound onto bobbins in the forms of laps.
The most common type of machine used for combing is called a comber.

SIMPLEX
The simplex frames pull the slivers out to make them thinner and longer, while being twisted together to form roving.

RING
The roving is then taken to the spinning frames where it is stretched out and twisted together even more tightly to produce yarn. In the spinning mill process, yarn is spun into thread by a spinning machine. The spinning machine is called a ring frame and it includes four parts: the spindle, the flyer, the bobbin and the doffer.
The spindle is attached to a rotating drive shaft that is powered by an electric motor. The flyer is a large rotating cylinder with many slots in it that catches thread as it comes off of the spindle. The bobbin holds all of the thread coming off of the flyer and stores it until it can be wound onto a small container called bobbin

AUTO CONE / WINDING
Then the yarn bobbins are converted into big yarn cones to their final shape.

PACKING DEPT
Then these cones are brought to the packing department. Packing is being done in both mechanical and manual form. most common packing are carton packing, PP bag packing and pallets.

Author: Afzaal Khadim Khan
Owner: Textiles Bar
Lahore Pakistan

Major faults in Dyed and Printed Fabrics

The causes of these faults can be classified into four categories

  1. Poor quality of dyeing processes
  2. Poor quality of printing processes
  3. Shortcomings in finishing processes
  4. Poor quality of raw materials

Following is the list of the major problems or faults commonly found in printed or dyed fabrics

  • Horizontal lines
  • Shade variation
  • Dirt/stains
  • Uneven dyeing
  • Drop stitches
  • Misprinting
  • Crease marks
  • Barre
  • Flushing / Wicking
  • Bleeding
  • Misfits
  • Stick-ins
  • Double printing
  • Scrimps

What are Horizontal lines in Printed or Dyed Fabric:
Horizontal lines on fabric are usually caused by a fault in the weaving process, such as when the warp yarns were not properly aligned.

What is Shade variation in Printed or Dyed Fabric:
This is when one side of the fabric is lighter than the other and can be caused by a variety of things, such as improper dyeing or printing, or variations in heat during processing.

Dirt or Stains in Dyed or Printed Fabric:
Dirt/stains on fabric are usually caused by contact with soil, food, or other materials that leave an unwanted mark on it. Uneven dyeing:

Uneven Dyeing:
Uneven dyeing can be due to a variety of factors including uneven application of colorant; uneven absorption of colorant; or variation in temperature during processing.

Drop Stitches:
Drop stitches are a type of fault that happens when the thread is not secured correctly. This can happen at any point in the process, and it can be difficult to identify the problem before it has been completed.

Misprinting in Dyed or Printed Fabrics:
Misprinting is when fabric is printed with an incorrect pattern or color. It typically happens because of a printer error or human error during printing.

Crease marks:
Crease Marks are caused by folding fabric that has been improperly pressed or folded. They are often considered as a fault because they will often show through after the garment has been sewn together and may look unsightly on the finished product.

Barre in dyed or Printed Fabric:
Barre is a type of fault that happens when there is too much tension on one side of a woven fabric and not enough on the other side. Sometime this problem also occurs due to blend variation in yarn used in fabric weaving.

Flushing or Wicking:
This is due to low viscosity of print paste. The ink or dye in the paste does not stay at the bottom of the screen but instead moves up and down.

Colour Bleeding in Dyed or Printed Fabric:
When a fabric has two different colours, one colour will bleed into another causing a new colour to be formed. This can happen due to many reasons such as low viscosity of print paste, overprinting and ink spread.

Misfits in Printed or Dyed Fabric:
These are small dots that appear on the fabric when there is an irregularity in printing process such as with overprinting, ink spread etc.

Stick-ins and double printing:
Stick-ins are small pieces of fabric that have been left behind by an operator who was cutting or sewing the material.

Double printing is when a pattern has been printed on both sides of a piece of fabric without being flipped over, which will create an upside down pattern on one side and an inverted one on the other side.

Finally, look for scrimps: these are small pieces of thread that have not been completely cut off after sewing and can be found anywhere on the fabric.

Author: Afzaal Khadim Khan
Owner: Textiles Bar
Lahore Pakistan

Major fabric faults in weaving fabric

The fabric industry is a very large and important part of the clothing industry. The production of fabric starts with the manufacturing of yarns. There are many different types of fabrics, but they all have one thing in common: they are woven from yarns. Fabrics can be made from natural or synthetic fibers, or a combination of both. They can also be woven or knitted. The type determines the type of fabric and quality of fiber used to make it and the weave it is made in. Fabrics can be used for many purposes, such as clothing, upholstery, drapery, bedding and other household items such as curtains and tablecloths.

Grey fabric is a type of fabric that is not dyed. This means that the natural white color is preserved in the fabric and it will have no color variation. The main difference between white and grey fabrics is that grey fabrics can be used for multiple purposes such as making clothes, curtains, and bed sheets. Fabric faults are the most common problem that a fabric can have. Fabric faults can occur as a result of many factors. Some of these factors include the quality of the fabric, how it was handled, and how it was dyed. Fabric faults are a major concern for any fashion designer. The fabric may not be perfect, but these faults can make the garment look shabby and cheap.

The main types of fabric faults are:
Miss Pick
Starting Mark
Floats
Cracks
Coarse Pick
Coarse End
Selvedge Defect
Lose End
Sizing Stain
Increase Density

What is Miss Pick in Fabric?

Miss pick: Miss pick refers to a defect in which one or more weft yarns were missed during weaving process. Selvedge defect: This defect occurs when there are missing weft yarns at one or both edge of cloth due to warp thread. or Miss picks happen when the yarn is not properly picked up by the loom and is then woven into the fabric in a way that leaves an open space in between two rows of weft yarns.

What is a Starting Mark in Fabric

A starting mark is when a weft thread starts from an incorrect position on the warp beam. or
Starting marks are when there is an indentation on one side of the fabric caused by a starting shuttle being used to start weaving at one end instead of both ends.

What are floats in Fabric?

Floats are sections of yarn that hang off the selvedge of a fabric, which are created when there’s not enough space on either side of the fabric to keep them in place during weaving.

What are Cracks in Fabric

Cracks are caused by a variety of issues, including too much tension during weaving or improper drying after being washed.

What is Coarse Pick in Fabric

coarse pick is a result of the machine that was used to weave or knit the fabric. It can cause threads to be picked up from other parts of the fabric and woven into it.

What is Coarse End in Fabric

A coarse end occurs when the yarn, which was woven into the fabric, has not been properly cut off from the loom. This can cause problems such as fraying or unraveling of threads on the edge of cloth.

What is Selvedge Defect in Fabric?

Selvedge defect is a result of poor-quality control during weaving or knitting process. It occurs when one side of a fabric is not trimmed properly and threads are left on one side.

What is Lose End in Fabric

Lose end is caused by machine malfunctioning during weaving or knitting process, which leaves some threads loose on one side of a cut piece.

What is sizing Stain in Fabric

A sizing stain is a type of fabric fault where the fabric is treated with a sizing agent before weaving. Either too much or too little sizing agent can cause it. The most common way to identify a sizing stain is by looking at the back of the fabric. If there are small, white spots on the back, then it is likely that there was too much sizing agent applied to the fabric and it will shrink more than other fabrics in the wash. If there are large, white spots on the back, then it is likely that there was not enough sizing agent applied to the fabric and it will not shrink as much as other fabrics in a washing machine.

What is Increase Density in Fabric

Increase Density. This problem indicates that fabric has more picks or ends at some certain piece of fabric than the required standards.