What is difference between ring spun, open end and Autocoro yarn

Ring spun yarn is a better quality yarn with higher prices and higher cost of production as compare to open end or Autocoro yarns.
Ring spun yarn factory consist of the following manufacturing processes.
1. Blow Room.
2. Carding.
3. Drawing.
4. Combers or Combing process.
5. Simplex
6. Ring
7. Winding or Auto cone department
Above is the complete spinning or yarn manufacturing process engage in the ring spun yarn production.

The open end or Autocoro is same till Drawing process but after that all work is done by rotor machine which decrease the production cost but at the same time as high draft is given so the quality of yarn suffered due to high draft. This factor also affects the quality of yarns. In ring we hae wide range of options for yarn counts but in open end or autocoro we can produce limited number of yarn counts.

Following processes are engaged in open end or autocoro yarn manufacturing.
1. Blow Room.
2. Carding.
3. Drawing
4. Rotor machines.

What is difference between Open End and Autocoro Yarns.

There is no major difference between open end and autocoro yarns. The simple difference is that auto coro yarn is produced on latest machines with same manufacturing system while open end yarn is produced on old open-end machines.

Open End machine is the older version of machines. It can mostly not produce finer or higher number of counts above 20/1 oe although We can produce up to 30/1 on open end machines but we have to decrease the machine speed which decrease the production and increase the production cost. Mostly coarser counts from 6/1 oe to 16/1 oe or 20/1 oe is produced on it.

Auto Coro is the latest machine having the ability to produce yarns of fine quality with higher speed. its count range is also higher and its drafting system allow you to produce yarn counts up to 60/1 although mainly people prefer to produce yarn counts till 40/1. Autocoro production capacity is also very high as compare with open end machine.

Hope you have under stood the difference in open end and auto coro yarns. In case of any confusion please drop your question in below comments section.

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What is difference between Carded and Combed Yarn

Every spun yarn is carded yarn in spinning process as carding is the initial process to clean the cotton with carding machine. The purpose of carding process is to clean the cotton from trash, leaf and other foreign matters. This process cleaned the cotton and straighten the fibers and converted the cotton into sliver. After this process this sliver is converted into final form of yarn. There is another process which is used to make the yarn finer by applying the combing process. the cotton which passed through this combing process is more cleaned and all the damage, entangled and floating fibers are removed from it. in comping process around 15% to 20% more cleaning of cotton is conducted. The combed yarn is much better in quality as compared with carded yarns.

Combed yarn is used to make more reliable and fine quality fabrics both in knitting and weaving. The price of this yarn is also higher than the carded yarn as more waste is drawn out from the cotton which also increased the cost of yarn production. Combed yarn run smoothly of fabric manufacturing machines than the carded yarn.

Hope you have now understood the difference between carded yarn and combed yarn. if need further clarification about which is better yarn in carded and combed yarn, please drop your question in comment section. We would be happy to answer you and help you in solving your problems.

What is GRS certificate? Global Recycled standards

GRS stands for Global Recycled Standards. GRS is a tracking system to track the transactions of said material from its raw shape to final or consumer form. It covers the complete chain of GRS certified goods. GRS intends to verify the recycled contents of a good or product. GRS certification is very common in textile sector where fiber is made out of the used plastic bottles and other items. First of all GRS fiber is made and then it is sold to spinning mills with GRS certificate and its transaction. After that this GRS certified yarn is used to make fabric and garments. At every stage the seller and buyer ensure the GRS transaction.

Why Cotton Prices are expected to Rise

Textile sector is in a panic like situation due to abnormal rise in Cotto, yarn and fabric prices. This panic is further supporting the upward march of prices.

Reasons behind the cotton prices rise.

USDA 1st Supply and Demand estimates showing around 2 million bales shortage initially but a lot of people think that in upcoming monthly reports this gap may widen. If this gap will widen then surely prices will move further higher. At that stage we may see some panic buying. This panic may guide the market to an abnormal and unacceptable position. So, this war is going to be fought between panic and patience.

Cotton Prices are expected to remain firm and upward in near future as Supply position is not good at the moment. USA cotton supply will also not improve before the new crop by November / December.
Sowing position of cotton in Pakistan also lower as compare to last year. Consumption projection for the Pakistan during the upcoming season is also reported higher. Therefore Pakistan cotton Prices for the New Crop started with a historic high level.

In India Government of India has increased the minimum support price to motivate the farmers for new sowing and at the same time CCI also increased the price of stocks lying with them which further strengthened the prices. As Indian cotton arrival starts from September so before that Indian Prices will remain firm. There are less chances of any decrease in prices before that.
Although there are some hopes from Australia as people expecting better crop. But Australian Cotton prices are always at higher level and would not put any major impact on prices.

Yarn and fabric prices are also following the above sentiments. Quotations of yarn and fabric from leading producing countries like India, Pakistan, China and Vietnam are also higher.

Click here to find the complete details of World Cotton Demand and Supply.
Click here to know about the Yarn prices in Pakistan