What is Organic Cotton IC2 & IC3

Organic cotton production is an agricultural system in which cotton is sown, grown, and harvested without the use of synthetic toxic pesticides, fertilizers, and genetic modification in seeds. This system is adopted to preserve the natural fertility of the land and promote sustainable farming practices. Organic products are also beneficial for end-users, as they help retain good health by reducing exposure to harmful chemicals.

Regulation and Certification Bodies

To ensure the integrity of organic cotton production, several certification bodies exist worldwide. These organizations help regulate the organic production system and issue certificates that guarantee strict adherence to defined procedures. Two major authorities in this field are the Organic Content Standards (OCS) and the Global Organic Textile Standards (GOTS). They monitor the entire process, from in-conversion fiber to the final product, to ensure compliance with organic standards. Moreover, these authorities also oversee the proper certification and documentation of all transactions involved. Transaction certificates (TC) and scope certificates (SC) are provided as evidence of compliance.

Understanding IC2 and IC3 Organic Cotton

IC2 and IC3 refer to the transitional period when cotton is being converted to organic cultivation. The term “IC” stands for “In Conversion.” IC2 indicates a two-year conversion period, while IC3 denotes a three-year conversion period. The duration of this transitional phase varies across different regions. For example, in Europe, the transitional period is typically 24 months, while in the United States and India, it extends to 36 months.

Promoting In-Conversion Cotton

During the transitional period, it is encouraged for individuals and companies to use in-conversion cotton. By doing so, they can provide incentives and support to farmers, thereby promoting and enhancing organic cotton production. Farmers incur additional costs when growing organic cotton, including production expenses, certification fees, and training to follow the complete set of procedures. By utilizing in-conversion cotton, stakeholders contribute to the financial sustainability of farmers and help them successfully transition to organic farming practices. This, in turn, further drives the expansion of organic cotton production and its positive environmental impact.

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