What is staple length in cotton? Complete definition.

Staple length is the major characteristic of cotton fiber on which cotton is traded and its price is determined. Staple length is the length of fiber. This parameter of cotton is so important that every consumer has to first decide what yarn he wants to produce and what staple length of cotton will be required to produce this yarn. In different origins staple length of fiber is spoken with different length scales like inches, MM milli meters and in USA mostly 32nds.

Here are a few staple lengths and their importance and definition also described for better understanding.

Staple length below 27 mm is considered short staple cotton and mostly used for yarn counts below 20/1 ring yarns or low quality or cheaper yarns like open end depending on the requirements of demands.

Major portion of global cotton consists of the staple length between the range of 27 to 30 mm fiber length. This sort of cotton is used to produce medium to good quality yarns. Count range mostly from 20/1 to 40/1 carded or combed for weaving or knitting.

Above this is long staple cotton with staple length 30mm to 33 mm. This cotton is used for producing fine quality yarns from 40/1 to 80/1 combed and compact yarns which are used for light weight fine quality fabrics.

Cotton with 33mm above is called ELS or Extra-long staple cotton used for very fine yarns, high strength or tenacity yarns.

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What is (SFI) Short Fiber Index In cotton HVI report.

SFI Short fiber index is a very important parameter in cotton results as it determined the ratio of short fiber in cotton. SFI indicates the %age of fiber having less than half inch length. This ratio is counted on High Volume Instrument HVI, one of the latest and best cotton testing instruments being used in the textile sector. The higher SFI is usually considered bad in cotton results.

SFI below 6.00 is an indication that cotton has very less short fiber which is good for cotton consumers. But this sort of cotton is rarely available.

Normally and mostly cotton contain SFI between the range of 6 to 9 and it’s acceptable for most cotton buyers.

SFI short fiber index from 10 to 13 is considered a little higher side ratio but to some extent acceptable for the cotton consumers.

SFI short fiber index above 14 is usually not acceptable for yarn manufacturers who want to make fine quality yarns and they avoid buying cotton with such high value of SFI.

What is Rd and +b in cotton and its definition?

Both Rd and +b are the color grade parameters for cotton. Rd describes the reflectance in cotton. Higher rd indicates the brightness in cotton while lower rd reflects the dullness or grey look in cotton. Cotton having higher rd is considered the better cotton and it also adds to its value and price.
While +b in cotton indicates the yellowness in cotton. Both these units are tested or measured on fiber testing machine HVI (High Volume Instrument) Earlier Fibro graph machine was used to test the cotton results but now a days majority of labs and mills use HVI machine with latest features.

What is Micronaire or Mic In Cotton?

What is definition of MIC or Micronaire in cotton complete description or definition

Micronaire or MIC value is achieved by putting a small quantity of cotton in the chamber of cotton testing machine. It defines the fiber maturity and its fineness.

What is MIC G0
If MIC value is below 2.4 it is called MIC G0

What is MIC G1 in cotton
Mic value between the range of 2.5 to 2.6 is called MIC G1

What is MIC G2 in cotton:
Mic value between the range of 2.7 to 2.9 is called MIC G2

What is MIC G3 in cotton
Mic value between the range of 3.0 to 3.2 is called MIC G3

What is MIC G4 in cotton:
Mic value between the range of 3.3 to 3.4 is called MIC G4

What is MIC G5 in cotton:
This is the standard range of mic for good quality cotton. Its range is from 3.5 to 4.9.

What is MIC G6 in cotton:
Mic value between the range of 5.0 to 5.2 is called MIC G6.

What is MIC G7 in cotton:
If the MIC value of cotton is 5.3 or above it is called MIC G7.

Cotton Prices Future Forecast Crop Year 21/22

USDA WASDE Report Summary:

Last Month Ending Stocks: 93.16 Million Bales
This Month Ending Stocks: 93.05 Million Bales
Decrease: 0.11 Million Bales

Last Month Ending Stocks: 90.99 Million Bales
This Month Ending Stocks: 89.30 Million Bales
Decrease: 1.69 Million Bales

World Estimated Production in Last Month: 119.44 Million Bales
World Estimated Production In Current Month: 118.87 Million Bales
Decrease : 0.57 Million Bales

World Consumption Estimate in Last Month: 121.48 Million Bales
World Consumption Estimate in Current Month: 122.54 Million Bales
Increase : 1.06 Million Bales

Global Supply: 118.87 Million Bales
Global Consumption: 122.54 Million Bales
Shortage : 3.67 Million Bales
(Last month Demand and supply Gap was 2.04)

USA Cotton Estimated Production Last Month: 17.00 Million Bales
USA Cotton Estimated Production This Month: 17.00 Million Bales

Looking at the above figures it is still expected that prices will remain firm and during the upcoming season. Last month supply and demand estimate was around 2.04 million bales of 480 Lbs but current month supply and demand gap is around 3.67 million bales.

We may see more corrections in cotton production estimates in next few WASDE reports and cotton prices will remain firm and upward. Pakistan local cotton prices started with a historic high level and Indian local prices are also above 49,000 / Candy. Indian cotton prices also gained a lot during the last couple of weeks.

Why Cotton Prices are expected to Rise

Textile sector is in a panic like situation due to abnormal rise in Cotto, yarn and fabric prices. This panic is further supporting the upward march of prices.

Reasons behind the cotton prices rise.

USDA 1st Supply and Demand estimates showing around 2 million bales shortage initially but a lot of people think that in upcoming monthly reports this gap may widen. If this gap will widen then surely prices will move further higher. At that stage we may see some panic buying. This panic may guide the market to an abnormal and unacceptable position. So, this war is going to be fought between panic and patience.

Cotton Prices are expected to remain firm and upward in near future as Supply position is not good at the moment. USA cotton supply will also not improve before the new crop by November / December.
Sowing position of cotton in Pakistan also lower as compare to last year. Consumption projection for the Pakistan during the upcoming season is also reported higher. Therefore Pakistan cotton Prices for the New Crop started with a historic high level.

In India Government of India has increased the minimum support price to motivate the farmers for new sowing and at the same time CCI also increased the price of stocks lying with them which further strengthened the prices. As Indian cotton arrival starts from September so before that Indian Prices will remain firm. There are less chances of any decrease in prices before that.
Although there are some hopes from Australia as people expecting better crop. But Australian Cotton prices are always at higher level and would not put any major impact on prices.

Yarn and fabric prices are also following the above sentiments. Quotations of yarn and fabric from leading producing countries like India, Pakistan, China and Vietnam are also higher.

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